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2016年10月4日 星期二

Back to Lisbon (返回里斯本)


After Obidos, we were taken back into the modern world.



and had a glimpse of how some got their power 



But signs of traditional agricultural Portugal are everywhere


with its clusters of houses on hillocks, trees,and grass covered slopes


But soon, the streamlined functional shapes of contemporary world appear



huge, uniform and monotonous



A political movement calling for a referendum on an alternative socialism.



A park monument



A monument for King Edward VIII of England



A florist in the famous Rossio Square



Pork chops for the Portuguese style "pork chop bun" for which Macao is famous



to be served with a hotdog bun: very different from those we find in Macao



They serve Cod (bacalhau ) fillets too



salt cod slices



A small African group selling indigenous products from their home country



The Igreja de São Domingos in the Rossio Square completed in 1241, the largest church in Lisbon, the scene of royal weddings and of Inquisitions. It was damaged by the earthquake in 1531 and completely destroyed in the Great 1755 Earthquake, the rebuilding of which wasn't completed until 1897. Then it was destroyed by a fire in 1959 which also destroyed many statues and paintings. It wasn't re-opened until 1994.


The place is dotted with restaurants, bars, bakeries....this one sells "pineapple buns' ! Did pineapple buns originate from Portugal? or from Hong Kong or Macao?


Tripes.It looks as if Chinese are not the only ones who eat them.


samosas; probably something they picked up learned from their Indian colonies


Another type of samosa: did they learn it from Chinese or is the other way around?


Fried doughnuts


Cheap pan cake breakfast @ 1.95 Euros


The Rossio Square ( aka,Pedro IV Square) where numerous revolutions, executions, bullfights celebrations have taken place for hundreds of years since the Middle Ages. At the far side is the D Maria II Theatre.


Another side of the square. We find wavy patterns on the two-dimensional ground which cleverly creates the illusion of some up-down motions


a fountain


A florist at the square. I think I know why.


The Rua Augusta, the busiest pedestrian walk in the capital


Of course, plenty of pasteis de nata !



all kinds of rolls, tarts, cakes, fingers


croissants, tarts, meat rolls


pingos de tocha (torch drops): another item learned from the Indians



ham rolls


Another kind of rolls



Croissants and fruit tarts. "croissant misto" (mixing what?)

Doughnuts and flaky pastry, cinnamon bread and pies and tarts


Panetone, traditionally eaten during Christmas



Green custard bun


This is the famous 45-meter high "Elevator of Carmo,", built at the turn of the century by the Portugal-born French architect Raoul de Mesnier du Ponsard (an apprentice of Gustave Eiffel)  which connects the downtown to Bairro Alto (highest points of the city). .





a buxom no-nonsense lady cleaner at work




a mobile gelado (ice-cream) cart




a performance art artist pretending to be a statue




All kinds of icecreams of all kinds of flavors



waiting customers




a pastelaria


a cinnamon bun


some scones


more pasteis de nata


chocolate chips cake


Tarte de maça (mace)


Pata de veado (Deer Paw)


various cakes


Almond tarts



Barriga de Freira (Nun's Bellies )!


Sintra's pillows


St. Clara's Pastry


Dom Sidónio (Mr
Sidónio ) (almonds and nuts)



Tasty looking breads


chocolate rolls


regional doces( candies) of Algarve



Pizzas, Lasanha, Massas Pastas

The top of a fruit juice bar showcase




All kinds of fruit punches 



Seafood dishes: assorted fish, lobster and octopus



Various Meat dishes


Handmade aprons and cushionettes


A street magician checking out messages


End of the pedestrian street: the Praça do Comercio (aka Terreiro do Paco) where you see the Arco Triunfal da Rua Augusta with its clock


First floor decorations with cardboard figure


A glimpse of the Bairro Alto, where you see a corner of the São Jorge Castle, towering above the city


The Lisbon Metro Station at Rossio Square


The Central Railway Station of Lisbon at Rossio Square (Estação de Caminhos de Ferro do Rossio), first opened 1890


Motorized two-wheel bikes for tourists


Mini tour cabs

 
Trees at the square


Statue of Pedro IV, King of Portugal, also Emperor Peter I of Brazil.  Originally, the site of the column was occupied by a monument to the Constitution erected in  1821 by King John IV but it was pulled down 2 years later after absolute monarchy was reinstated. Then in 1852, the first rather primitive monument to King Peter IV (Pedro IV) was put up by Queen Mary II (his daughter) which the  Lisboners referred to as "o galheteiro" ("the cruet-stand") because of its shape. But in 1858, it was replaced by a temporary statue of Hymenaeus during the wedding ceremonies of King Peter V in 1858 and King Louis I in 1862.. Then in 1870, the current marble statue was installed on a 75 foot column with him in a general's uniform, holding the Constitutional Charter of 1826 in his right hand and with four female allegorical figures of Justice, Wisdom, Strength, and Moderation, qualities attributed to the King, at the base of the pedestal.
The monument is intended  in part to show Portuguese power when Brazil was still under its direct control. Brazil was claimed by Portugal as part of its empire after it was "discovered" in 1500 by the explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral and remained its colony until 1808
, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, its status was raised from that of a colony to that of part of the Portuguese Kingdom upon the formation of the  United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. But in 1822, it became independent with the creation of the Brazilian Empire governed by a bicameral parliamentary system as a constitutional monarchy, the constitution of which was ratified in 1824. In 1889, Brazil became a presidential republic following a military coup d'état. From 1964-1985, Brazil fell into the hands of an authoritarian military junta Since its new constitution of 1988, Brazil has become a democratic federal republic.


Leaving the town centre for our dinner


Plenty of building works going on in the city


Old people taking a break in one of the city's tiny local gardens


going up hill in this hilly town


One of the modern buildings


One of the many tourist buses in the city


Ah, dinner, finally


A simple soup and fresh green salad


salt fish paté, something I never tried before


squid and rice


a local beer


a revolutionary scene


Old Portugal river scene


chickens on the roasting rack

A proud member of the family-style restaurant


Graffiti in the street a short distance from our restaurant


Einstein on the left, who's on the right?