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2016年7月13日 星期三

Caminito del indio ( The tiny Indian Pathway) (印第安人的小徑)








Caminito del indio

Caminito del indio
Sendero colla
Sembrao de piedras.
Caminito del indio
Que junta el valle con las estrellas.
Caminito del indio
Que junta el valle con las estrellas.

Caminito que anduvo
De sur a norte
Mi raza vieja
Antes que en la montaña
La pachamama se ensombreciera.
Antes que en la montaña
La pachamama se ensombreciera

Cantando en el cerro,
Llorando en el río,
Se agranda en la noche
La pena del indio.
El sol y la luna
Y este canto mío
Besaron tu piedras,
Camino del indio.

En la noche serrana
Llora la quena su honda nostalgia
Y el caminito sabe
Quién es la chola,
Que el indio llama
Y el caminito sabe
Quién es la chola,
Que el indio llama

Se levanta en el cerro
La voz doliente de la baguala
Y el camino lamenta
Ser el culpable
De la distancia.
Y el camino lamenta
Ser el culpable
De la distancia

 

Cantando en el cerro,
Llorando en el río,
Se agranda en la noche
La pena del indio.
El sol y la luna
Y este canto mío
Besaron tus piedras,
Camino del indio.

Atahuapa Yupangui

The tiny Indian Pathway

The little Indian way
The high plain trail
Seeded with stones
The little Indian way
That hugs the valley with stars

The little Indian way
That hugs the valley with stars
 
 

The tiny pathway that ran
from south to north
my ancient race
that formerly in the mountains
Mother earth would darken
that formerly in the mountains
Mother earth would darken
  

Singing in the hills
Weeping in the river
Aggravated in the night
The Indian pain
The sun and the moon
And this song of mine
kiss your stones
The Indian pathway


In the mountainous night the Indian flute weeps its deep nostalgia
And the tiny pathways knows
who the mixed breed is
the Indian calls

And the tiny pathways knows
who the mixed breed is
the Indian calls

 
There rises in the trail
the sad voice of the mustang
And the path laments
being the guilty
of faraway

And the path laments
being the guilty
of faraway


 

Singing in the hills
Weeping in the river
Aggravated in the night
The Indian pain.
 The sun and the moon
And this song of mine
kiss your stones
The Indian pathway


tr. El Zorro

印第安人的小徑

印第安人的小徑
高原印第安人的小道
播滿石塊
印第安人的小徑
以星星襯著山谷
 以星星襯著山谷



 
那從南走至北的小徑
我那古老的民族
曾被大地之母
在山中晒黑
曾被大地之母
在山中晒黑




 在山中歌唱

在河中啜泣
印第安人的哀傷
在黑夜中越覺沉重。  
太陽與月亮
與我這首歌
同吻你的石塊
印第安人的道路。



在山夜中印第安笛
泣訴著深深的懷舊
那小徑懂得
印第安人叫
雜種的是誰
那小徑懂
印第安人叫
雜種的是誰。



山中響起
野馬的哀鳴
而那小路慨嘆著
那遙遠的
內疚
而那小路慨嘆著
那遙遠的
內疚。

 

在山中歌唱
在河中啜泣
印第安人的哀傷
在黑夜中越覺沉重。
太陽與月亮
與我這首歌
同吻你的石塊
印第安人的道路。
 
 


譯: 艾梭羅



I love the songs of Atahualpa Yupanqui(1908 – 1992). His songs are simple. His guitar work has a very marked folkloric feel to it: just simple chords liven up by his lilting and occasionally choppy rhythms, something which goes very well with the rhythmic movements of  his poetic lyrics about the lives of humble folks trying their best to live in an often hostile world.  In his songs, we learn about the humiliation of being second class citizens in a basically Hispanic culture because of their mixed Inca Indian origin. But they speak to the hearts of all oppressed minority of this world too.

Atahualpa Yupanqui was born in the Argentinan pampas some 200 KM from its capital Buenos Aires of a mixed Creole and Indian father and a mother from Basque Country of Northern Spain.  He was originally called Héctor Roberto Chavero Aramburu but adopted his current name in honor of two ancient Inca kings, something he learned a lot about when he combed northwestern Argentina in search of local Indian culture when he was young. He has since become a famous guitarist, writer, singer and composer and the most important 20th century Argentinian folk musician. He was once a member of the Argentinian Communist Party and even took part in a failed uprising in 1931 after which he sought political refuge in Uruguay and did not return to Argentina until three years later. He was invited to sing on the Argentinian radio in Buenos Aires in 1935, which was also the year he met his future wife and lifelong musical collaborator the pianist Antonieta Paula Pepin Fitzpatrick, nicknamed "Nenette", aka "Pablo Del Cerro".


He visited France in 1949 and gave a performance in Paris July 1950  at the invitation of Edith Piaf and signed
a contract with "Chant Du Monde", the recording company that published his first LP in Europe, "Minero Soy" (I am a Miner), which was voted winner of first prize for Best Foreign Disc at the Charles Cros Academy against some 350 other competitors from all over Europe in its International Folklore Contest, following which he toured Europe. But because he was a Communists, his works were banned by President Juan Peron in Argentina.

In 1
952, Yupanqui returned to Buenos Aires and broke with the Communist Party. In 1963–1964, he toured  Colombia, Italy, Morroco, Egypt, Israel and Japan. When he toured Spain in 1967, he and his wife loved it so much that they had a house built in Cerro Colorado in Córdoba but for professional and other reasons, chose to settle in Paris.

In February 1968, Yupanqui was named Knight of  Ordes des Arts et des Lettres by the French Ministry of Culture for his lifelong work in enriching the literature of the French nation. Some of his songs are now included in the programs of Institutes and Schools where Castilian Literature is taught. In
1985, the  Konex Foundation of Argentina, granted him the pretigious Diamond Konex Award as the most important popular musician in the previous decade and in 1989, at the request of the University of Nanterre, Yupanqui wrote the  Parole sacrée ( the Sacred Spoken Word), a tribute to all oppressed peoples who fought to free themselves as part of the celebration of the centenary of the French Revolution.  He died in 1992, at the age of 84 in Nîmes, France and in accordance with his wishes, his remains were cremated and dispersed on his beloved Colorado Hill on 8 June 1992.